Education

# VWAP: The Ultimate Day Trading Tool

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VWAP stands for Volume Weighted Average Price . In simple terms it is the average price weighted by volume . Don't worry I ll explain.

The Calculations:

Firstly the average of the high, low, and close: (H+L+C)/3, is calculated (technically known as the typical price). This typical price is multiplied by the candle's volume (depending on time frame used). The cumulative total is calculated with each successive candle. Cumulative volume is also calculated along with this. Then divide the cumulative total of price-volume by the cumulative total of volume .
And we get VWAP . Fresh calculation start every day at 9:15am and end at 3:15pm.

Sounds difficult?? Simply apply the tool on a chart and you are ready to go.

Applications:

Vwap is used by institutional players having huge orders. VWAP helps these institutions determine the liquid price points, near the vwap , for a stock over a very short time period. VWAP serves as a reference point for prices for one day. As such, it is best suited for intraday analysis.

For me personally, it works best on any where between 1 minute to 5 minutes timeframes. I suggest you to read the full post before reaching at conclusions :)

Two Strategies:

Hit and Run:
We buy as the price pulls back to the vwap . We wait for a signal candle reflecting buying interest and pull the trigger. Here we place the stop below the vwap or the previous swing low, whichever is lower. The advantage is that on this lower timeframe stop will be small. For exits use targeted approach. One can also trail.

Two variations--
1) As the price breaches vwap wait for price to also break an important swing low for the day with immediate reversal supported by volume . Buy above this high volume candle with a stop below it.
2) Price breaches vwap and makes a low X. Wait for the price to pullback to vwap (Y) and then head lower again to X or make a higher low near X. Here Y would be the entry point. with stop at X.

Both these strategies can also be used for shorting a stock. You just have to read it upside down.

# Also keep in mind that day trading is not as easy as explained above.
1) We also analyse daily, hourly and lower time frames before pinpointing entry on 1 minute chart.
2) Trades taken in the direction of trend yield handsome returns.
3) We also have to take into consideration the overall indices movement.
4) Notice if the stock has been out-performing the indices.

# In trading world, nothing works 100%. So active trade management and efficient money management is essential to avoid unbearable losses.

As I always say, "Greed and Fear are traders' enemies". We can't eliminate them but they can be managed patiently.

Before applying this strategy you should first test it for few days to learn trade execution. I suggest you to use them on top gainers and losers. One has to be fast and fully concentrated in the morning. But if you missed the morning move, that does not mean the end of world. Wait for the next opportunity and grab it. Just practice, practice and practice more. It ll make you perfect.

Hope this post will enhance knowledge of some traders.
Do hit like button for better stuff in future.

Regards
Comment: I ll post some examples in the afternoon.
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Comment: Its not that the above scenario occurred just yesterday, it happens every single day.
Sometimes we have to take quick decisions, sometimes we have to be patient.
Comment: We just have to be careful about the choice of stocks. Trade in stocks which have heavy volume and which are traders' favorite. Reason being lot of people would have been watching it so chances of pattern failure decrease substantially.
Comment: I think i have posted enough examples. Try yourself by using candlestick charts, vwap and volume only on these lower time frames. May be you come up with some new observations. In that case plz let me know.
Do comment for queries.
Comment: A last special case. Breakout failed in the morning, reflecting weakness. Once the price started trading below the vwap buyers gaveup below X. See how vwap acted as a magnet and price retraced back to it by the end of session. Price can't stay for long below vwap in a positive market like Friday. In such cases, there are always chances of recovery by the end of day. Vice versa is also also true for strong looking move in a weak market environment.

Comment: Enjoy the weekend.
Comment: On request..a sell setup.
Comment: Sorry fellows no vwap on index charts as no volume data is available for them. It will, however, be available on index futures.
Comment: I am going to update this post with some vwap setups I traded today.

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Comment: This was my first trade of the day. When first trade is good, the rest of the day is good.
Comment: So in total i played 6 vwap setups and had decent profit.
I had few more scratch trades and one loss in some other setups but i want to stay focused on vwap in this article.
Hope it would help fellas.

Enjoy the holiday tomorrow.
Thankyou sir for sharing your knowledge
swarajk
@swarajk, welcome.
DAMN! so comprehensive!
Thats sooo going on my Bravo_part_of_the_wall :D
Einstein15
@Einstein15, Thanks dear. That's an honor.

I recently got introduced to this stratergy from a you tube channel. But thanks for giving a further insight to this stratergy. But that is kind of academic in nature. Since I've info from two different sources now, it has confused me now. I request you to please guide me as to where exactly should an ideal entry point be ? Please also tell me Is there a need of overlapping it with another indicator ? Will it help ? And which are cases where we can avoid a trade ? I hope this works well futures as well ? Or should I keep looking at stock and trade in futures ?
jnnandakumar
@jnnandakumar, First of all it works in all type of markets. You can use some oscillator for trading pullbacks on to vwap. Doing so you can avoid some trades.
For entry points I have detailed notes. Two types of entries I just mentioned. These are my own setups, you can have any other that suits you.
This theory is built from practical. I have shown some examples which are my real trades. So it's not just a acedemic.
Just keep in mind that 100% win rate is not possible in trading world. But we can have higher percentage wins than losses. Have proper money management, and dun do heavy trades in the beginning.
All the best.
@Bravetotrade, I wasn't being critical of you, just saying you added to my academic knowledge. And thanks for that. Can you share me those detailed notes for entry points ? I would like to read them. I don't do heavy trades ? Been trading only in one lot of futures ! And also if you can recommend one of the oscillator which may be the best according to you ? Based on your inputs I'll definitely backtest the strategy and take a trade. Also I've read somewhere people saying vwap isn't very reliable during the first half and hour of trading ? Is it so ?
jnnandakumar
@jnnandakumar, Thanks for kind words. Entry points are discussed in the post itself. "Hit and run" and "The value Trade" strategies.
U can use Rsi or stochastic or both.
Timing is not an issue when u understand the reliability of a trading tool. If it works at 10 o'clock, it would work at 9:15 too. U need to just practice the tool to v faith on its reliability.
Just see the last example of techm. I traded in the morning itself.
It all depends on ur trading personality, which can't be changed or bulit overnight buddy.
Great Strategy Price Action by mixing this indictor
thnx sir
kailashnwl
@kailashnwl, My pleasure.
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