Sime Darby Plantation Bhd. operates as an integrated plantation company, which engages in the full spectrum of the palm oil value chain. It operates through the following segments: Upstream Malaysia, Upstream Indonesia, Upstream Papua New Guinea and Solomon Island (PNG/SI), Upstream Liberia, Downstream, and Other Operations. The Upstream Malaysia segment develops, cultivates, and manages oil palm and rubber plantation estates and milling of fresh fruit bunches (FFB) into crude palm oil (CPO), palm kernel (PK), and processing and sales of rubber. The Upstream Indonesia and Upstream Liberia segments develop, cultivate, and manage oil palm plantation estates and milling of FFB into CPO and PK. The Upstream PNG/SI segment develops, cultivates, and manages oil palm and sugar cane plantation estates, milling of FFB into CPO and PK, processing and sales sugar cane, and cattle rearing and beef production. The Downstream segment involves in crushing of PK to crude palm kernel oil and palm kernel expeller, production and sales of refined oils and fats, and production and sales of biodiesel products and derivatives. The Other Operations segment includes trading of agricultural products and services, production and sale of oil palm seeds and seedlings, sales of oleo chemicals products, research and breeding programs of oil palm and rubber with special focus on genome science, development of green technology and renewable energy which includes bio-based chemicals, biogas and composting. The company was founded in 1978 and is headquartered in Ara Damansara, Malaysia.