Sime Darby Plantation Bhd. engages in the production, processing, refining, and sales of palm oil and palm kernel oil, manufacturing and marketing of specialty fats and edible oils, rubber and other palm oil related products and investment holding. It operates through the following segments: Upstream Malaysia, Upstream Indonesia, Upstream Papua New Guinea and Solomon Island (PNG/SI), Downstream, and Other Operations. The Upstream Malaysia segment develops, cultivates, and manages oil palm and rubber plantation estates and milling of fresh fruit bunches (FFB) into crude palm oil (CPO) and palm kernel (PK), processing and sales of rubber. The Upstream Indonesia segment refers to the development, cultivation, and management of oil palm plantation estates, and milling of FFB into CPO and PK. The Upstream PNG/SI segment consists of the oil palm and sugar cane plantation estates, milling of FFB into CPO and PK, and refining of sugar cane, coconut oil, cattle rearing, and beef production. The Downstream segment is involved in the production and sale of refined oils and fats, coconut oils, biodiesel products, crude palm kernel oil, and palm kernel expeller. The Other Operations segment refers to the trading of agricultural products and services, production and sale of oil palm seeds and seedlings, sale of oleochemical products, research and breeding programs of oil palm and rubber, and development of green technology and renewable energy, which includes bio-based chemicals, biogas, and composting. The company was founded in 2007 and is headquartered in Petaling Jaya, Malaysia.