Euronext Paris (EURONEXTPAR) is the sole stock exchange in France. It was founded in 1802, under the name Paris Bourse, by a decree issued by Napoleon. The exchange is headquartered in Paris, the country's capital and most populous city, which is also a prominent financial center in Europe. It merged in the year 2000 with the Amsterdam Stock Exchange and the Brussels Stock Exchange to form the pan-European exchange Euronext, which is currently the largest exchange in continental Europe. EURONEXTPAR is monitored by the Autorité des Marchés Financiers (AMF) and is subject to both E.U. and French regulations. Electronic trading is conducted through the Universal Trading Platform (UTP), which will be replaced by a new multi-market trading platform called Optiq. It lists 1,078 companies with a total market cap of €2,341 billion and also houses bonds and ETFs.
Among the listings are well-known and actively traded companies such as Total, L'Oréal, Sanofi, Airbus and BNP Paribas. The main stock index is the CAC 40, a free float market capitalization weighted index which tracks the performance of the 40 largest listed companies. It is widely seen as the most representative indicator of the French stock market. Related indices are the CAC MID 60, which track the performance of the second 60 largest companies and the CAC 40 GR, a gross total return index that tracks the capital gains of the CAC 40 companies over time. All constituents are screened for eligibility and reviewed quarterly. EURONEXTPAR operates several indices that reflect the performance of national sectors and industries. French stocks are also included in various European indices such as the Euronext 100 index, which tracks the performance of the largest and most liquid European stocks.